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                鋼筋保護層超厚的原因及處理方法!

                添加時間:2018-12-28      發布人:http://www.namegeneration.net

                在日常修建施工過程驗收時,鋼筋保護層超厚、厚度不行是我們驗收中經常會遇到的問題,下面整理了一些鋼筋保護層超厚、不行的處理方法,希望對我們有用。
                  In the daily construction process of acceptance, we often encounter the problem of super-thick steel protective layer, the thickness is not good. Here are some methods to deal with the problem of super-thick steel protective layer, hoping to be useful to us.
                  鋼筋保護層超厚
                  Super Thickness of Reinforcement Protective Layer
                  一、鋼筋保護層超厚的原因
                  I. Reasons for Over Thickness of Reinforcement Protective Layer
                  樓層混凝土澆筑、振搗過程中,施工作業人員將樓板面筋踐踏下去,沒有將其拉正康復,導致樓板面鋼筋(負彎矩鋼筋)保護層偏大超越標準答應偏差值。
                  In the process of concrete pouring and vibration, construction workers trampled down the floor gluten and did not straighten it and recover, which resulted in the protection layer of the floor steel bar (negative moment steel bar) exceeding the standard allowable deviation.
                  二、處理方法
                  II. Processing Methods
                  1、在樓板底部搭設好腳手支撐架頂緊,然后再進行樓板面剔鑿除施工,采用人工剔鑿樓板面混凝土。剔鑿時為避免擾動原有鋼筋與混凝土,應運用小錘子、鏨子進行剔鑿施工,不可用大錘猛擊。
                  1. Firstly, the scaffolding support frame is set up at the bottom of the floor, and then the floor slab is picked out and chiseled, and the floor concrete is picked and chiseled manually. In order to avoid disturbing the original reinforcement and concrete, small hammers and chips should be used for chiseling construction instead of heavy hammers.
                  2、剔鑿除板面混凝土時,剔鑿施工組織兩人鑿除,剔鑿深度為≤30mm,不能多剔鑿,先沿墻邊、梁中心向兩頭剔鑿,確保結構的,減少施工中對周邊結構的影響。
                  2. When removing slab concrete, the construction organization of removing the slab concrete is two people. The depth of removing is less than 30mm, so it can't be more removing. First, along the wall and the center of the beam, the two ends of the slab concrete can be gouged to ensure the safety of the structure and reduce the influence of the construction on the surrounding structure.
                  3、除掉混凝土板面部分的原配筋不擾動,在上面從頭植筋綁扎安置,配筋同規劃板面的負彎矩筋裝備。
                  3. Remove the original reinforcement of the concrete slab without disturbance, and place the reinforcement on the slab from scratch. The reinforcement is the same as the negative moment reinforcement equipment of the planned slab.
                  4、上層新綁扎鋼筋與基層鋼筋混凝土拉結采用φ6 @600拉結筋拉結(植筋)。
                  4. The new bonded steel bars in the upper layer and the reinforced concrete in the base layer are tied with the 6 @ 600 bonded steel bars (planted steel bars).
                  5、剔鑿后應確保原板面鋼筋完整,如有曲折應理直。
                  5. After picking and chipping, we should ensure the integrity of reinforcing bars on the original slab surface. If there are twists and turns, they should be straightened out.
                  6、剔鑿除的混凝土整理潔凈后,經過監理檢查符合要求后進行下道工序施工。
                  6. After the concrete is cleaned up, the next working procedure shall be carried out after the supervision and inspection meets the requirements.
                  7、整理除掉混凝土后,用墨斗在板面上彈好擬植筋方位及距離線,有墻、柱的方位植筋規格距離同原樓面板規劃的負彎矩配筋,無墻、柱的方位面筋(負彎矩筋)錨固按標準長度錨入綁扎;面上層鋼筋綁扎時由一側梁、墻邊開端,從梁、墻邊50mm處開端順次植筋和綁扎。
                濟南鋼筋批發
                  7. After finishing and removing the concrete, use ink bucket to bounce the orientation and distance line of the quasi-planted reinforcement on the slab surface. The specification distance of the square planted reinforcement with walls and columns is the same as the negative bending moment reinforcement planned by the original floor panel. The square reinforcement without walls and columns (negative bending moment reinforcement) is anchored and tied according to the standard length. Colligation.
                  8、按彈好的距離線,先植板面長向鋼筋(在基層負彎矩筋),再植板面短向鋼筋(在上層負彎矩筋),待植筋膠固化后開端綁扎鋼筋。
                  8. According to the elastic distance line, the long-direction steel bar (negative bending moment bar at the base) is planted first, and the short-direction steel bar (negative bending moment bar at the top) is replaced. The steel bar is bound at the beginning after the glue is solidified.
                  三、質量要求
                  III. Quality Requirements
                  1、主控項目:
                  1. Main control project:
                 ?。?)鋼筋的規格、形狀、尺寸、數量及錨固長度、接頭要求有必要符合規劃要求和施工標準規則。
                  (1) The specifications, shapes, sizes, quantities, anchorage lengths and joints of reinforcing bars must conform to the planning requirements and construction standard rules.
                 ?。?)運用的鋼筋有必要具有合格證及復試陳述,且復試合格。
                  (2) It is necessary for the steel bar to have a certificate of qualification and a statement of re-examination, and the re-examination is qualified.
                  2、一般項目:
                  2. General items:
                 ?。?)鋼筋綁扎要求滿扎,不得留缺扣。
                  (1) The binding of reinforcing bars requires full binding and no missing buckles are allowed.
                 ?。?)彎鉤的朝向正確。綁扎接頭應符合施工標準的規則,搭接長度不該小于規劃要求和標準規則。
                  (2) The direction of the hook is correct. The binding joints shall conform to the rules of construction standards, and the lap length shall not be less than the planning requirements and standard rules.
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